An estimated 26 million animals are used every year in the united states for scientific and commercial testing  animals are used to develop medical treatments, determine the toxicity of medications, check the safety of products destined for human use, and other biomedical, commercial, and health. Animals are used in research when there is a need to find out what happens in the whole, living body, which is far more complex than the sum of its parts it is difficult, and in most cases simply not yet possible, to replace the use of living animals in research with alternative methods. Human beings use animals for a wide variety of purposes, including research the approximately 260 million people in the united states keep about 110 million dogs and cats as pets more than 5 billion animals are killed in the united states each year as a source of food animals are used for. However, there have to be limits, for a variety of reasons possibly the most obvious is financial much research is done by, or supported by, drug companies, who are of course responsible to their shareholders.
To conduct the research needed to improve medical care, we sometimes have to work with animal models studying animals is still the only scientifically viable way to get some of the knowledge we need to improve human health, and indeed the health of other animals that benefit from veterinary care. Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study. Cloning and stem cell research could lead to fewer drug tests on animals and human patients, robin lovell-badge, head of the medical research council's (mrc) developmental genetics unit, said.
Discussion re: should there be a limit to the involvement of animals in medical research for the benefit of humans -rishika jalan (04/17/14) even though it may seem cruel, but animals are required to be involved in medical research but only as a last resort with objectives for human development. 1 what is clinical research human subjects research is research which studies humans, as opposed to animals, atoms, or asteroids assessment of whether humans prefer 100 dollars or a 1% chance of 10,000 dollars constitutes human subjects research. Areas of research animals are used in five main areas of biomedical research. Animals such as chimpanzees, mice, and guinea pigs, have been used in medical research for centuries, and they have taught us much about anatomy and physiology but in recent decades, we've. Most researchers support the three r concept of refinement (making the experience as painless as possible for the animal involved), reduction (develop techniques to use fewer animals in research wherever possible or get more information from the same number of animals) and replacement (use alternative methods wherever possible.
Why do medical research with animals results from animal studies are crucial for closing knowledge gaps about health and disease in both humans and animals. The first federal law regulating animal research was the laboratory animal welfare act passed by congress in 1966 this law covered the transport, sale, and handling of animals and provided for licensing of animal dealers to prevent pet theft and their sale to research facilities. In order for a new pharmaceutical drug to be approved for clinical use, it has to be tested on multiple laboratory animals first - a practice that many animal activists work hard to prevent.
Medical advances should be weighed up against the delays and tragedies caused by reliance on animal experiments - the thalidomide disaster whereby tens of thousands of children were born with severe deformities not predicted in animal tests, to name one of the most famous, but there are many others. The survey finds that the 52% of americans who in general oppose the use of animals in scientific research are, perhaps not surprisingly, also more inclined to consider specific uses of genetic engineering of animals to be taking technology too far. The moral limits of medical research on the 1952 address by pope pius xii to the medical community by gonzalo herranz rodriguez bulletin of the ovulation method research.
If there is something reducing the happiness of animals, then we should try to work against it, whatever it may be so, given the many terrible ways in which wild animals are harmed in nature, their plight should be very important to utilitarians, as well as to those who follow certain other ethical approaches. I agree with others that there should not be limits on scientific knowledge but it is sometimes hard to disentangle the methods of arriving at that knowledge from the knowledge what i'm saying. I'm doing a debate on the topic: we should ban animal testing but, while doing some thinking i came across this: we have human trials for new drugs, animals like dogs also use need medicine and obviously this needs to be tested, so eventually it will end up been tests on animals.