Masculinity (also called manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and menas a social construct, it is distinct from the definition of the male biological sex. The representation of gender roles in the media - an analysis of gender discourse in sex and studies imply that gender concerns both femininity and masculinity. Traditional masculinity and femininity: validation of a new scale assessing gender roles sven kachel , melanie c steffens and claudia niedlich department of social and economic psychology, university of koblenz and landau, landau, germany.
Masculinity and school violence 53 according to artz, riecken, macintyre, lam, and maczewski (2000), however, very few outcome evaluation studies have been done, increasing the risk of inef. The difference between masculinity and femininity and is created through on-going social interactions, (morris, 2006, p 5) society enlists particular expectations for each gender. What advertising exploits best is femininity and masculinity, ie the most obvious manifestations of gender being one of the most popular demographic segmentation variables.
A gender stereotype consists of beliefs about the psychological traits and characteristics of, as well as the activities appropriate to, men and women. The lessons begin with basics of masculinity and femininity and then dig into media studies of music videos and cartoons as students mature through the first few lessons, they will then have the knowledge to tackle the end lessons that deal with more serious issues like sexism, rape, sexual objectification and sex trade workers. Hyper-femininity is the amplification of female stereotypes, with an emphasis on dependence, submissiveness, and sexuality as the basis of a woman's value (scharrer 2004.
Another way of looking at masculinity (and its supposed opposite, femininity) is through the more fluid concept of gender gender is influenced by historical, social, and cultural factors, 14 rather than anatomical factors, and is not part of a person's essential, natural, true self. Similarly, gender stereotypes are not only found in films in relation to femininity and the female characters masculinity is often depicted in terms of power. Stereotypes of masculinity and femininity in five of the most popular and top money making animated hollywood movies from 2004 to 2008 will make this study not only valuable for sociologists, but also for parents, educators and filmmakers. The tmf was used with masculinity and femininity as two unipolar dimensions (study 1: 1, not at all masculine, to 7, very masculine, and 1, not at all feminine, to 7, very feminine) vs one bipolar dimension (pilot study, study 2 1, very masculine, to 7, very feminine) in order to check for dimensionality. From that moment of discovery, we begin socializing our children to be either masculine or feminine the questions that we seek to explore are: how do gender-role stereotypes effect the way generation z.
In 1963, betty friedan addressed similar worrisome themes in the feminine mystique, an analysis of a problem with no name, or the expectation that women could desire no greater destiny than to glory in their own femininity and that happiness came with devoting oneself to finding a husband and having children (friedan  2001:15. Factor analysis support the assumption that masculinity a d femininity are to be considered as independent uncorrelated_ traits rather than as one bipolar dimension. In igbo culture, women are the weaker sex, but are also endowed with qualities that make them worthy of worship, like the ability to bear children the dominant role for women is: first, to make a pure bride for an honorable man, second, to be a submissive wife, and third, to bear many children. Furthermore, the more one's parents adhere to traditional gender roles, the more likely their children will view others who deviate from those traditional roles as less feminine or masculine in conclusion there appears to be a link between family structure and the child's view of femininity and masculinity.
Meanings and connotations of masculinity and femininity, may be more likely than older children and adults to see the con- structs coexisting in individual females and males. Developmental differences in children's self-perceptions of masculinity and femininity during the middle childhood period were investigated in english-speaking children from grades 2-7 (n = 517. Notwithstanding that masculinity and femininity are orthogonal constructs (bem, 1974spence et al, 1974), when making judgments about others, we employ a bipolar model of gender that places.
Specifically, with regard to perceptions towards femininity and masculinity accordingly, the role of femininity and masculinity in education is an area rarely analysed in the kenyan context. Key terms gender culturethe set of behaviors or practices associated with masculinity and femininity genderthe socio-cultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as male and female, with each having associated roles, expectations, stereotypes, etc. Insight into the development of an ideal type of masculinity gave george l mosse in the study the image of man,  comparative analysis of the development of stereotypes surrounding the category of masculinity in european and american context since 18th to 20th century.