Investigative reporting has long been considered a vital bulwark of democracy as a check on wrongdoing in politics and public policy but a century after an american president coined a pejorative word to describe it—muckraking—exposé journalism has proved to be cyclical, waxing in some political periods and waning in others. The president, clearly one of the most fervent reformers, believed that some of the writers were going too far, and cited the muckraker image in a speech on april 14, 1906, criticizing the excesses of investigative journalism. Muckrakers and yellow journalism the years following the american civil war were a time of industrial and technological expansion in the united states unlike any the world had seen previously. A muckraking history to remember puck illustration shows a large group of politicians and journalists as knights on a crusade against graft and corruption many carry large pens like a lance periodical mentioned are colliers, harper's weekly, life, puck, [and] mcclure's magazine. Women's history: muckrakers dug up dirt on big-business as a model of a hard news story, which also gives us some background on who the muckrakers were and specifics on a couple of women on our list (ida tarbell and nellie bly.
History of american journalism journalism in america began as a humble affair and became a political force in the campaign for american independence following independence, the first article of us constitution guaranteed freedom of the press and speech and the american press grew rapidly following the american revolution. Muckraking journalism emerged at the end of the 19th century largely in response to the excesses of the gilded age, and ida tarbell was one of the most famous of the muckrakers born in 1857 in a log cabin in hatch hollow, pennsylvania, tarbell's first dream was to be a scientist. Their aggressive muckraking triggers echo effects which spell deep trouble for conventional understandings of journalism the days of journalism proud of its commitment to the sober principle that 'comment is free, but facts are sacred' (that was the phrase coined in 1921 by the manchester guardian's long-time editor cp scott) are over. The fact is that muckraking is a farcry from yellow journalism in that it is truthful and observant of both big seemingly lofty things and common everyday behavior (ed stein, harrison, pg14-16) however it is not above picking sides and highlighting or downplaying facts to get their point across (ed stein, harrison, pg14-16.
The muckraking era stands out as one of the times in us history when journalism has come closest to living up to the watchdog/fourth estate ideal never before and arguably. Technology, tradition, and a golden age of muckraking there's been much talk lately about the possibilities offered by new technologies in opening up restrictive regimes and democratizing the production of journalism. Women's history: muckrakers dug up dirt on big-business ida tarbell, who documented the growth of the rockefeller's standard oil company in 1904, got her start working for mcclure's magazine and was one of the first women muckrakers. Her work against the 'mother of all trusts' was turned into a two-volume book, the history of the standard oil company, published in 1904 she was the most influential female muckraker and was.
Muckrakers, as the name suggests, were those who made profound efforts to rake the muck out of the society with their reformative journalism they were the investigative journalists who used their mighty pen to report and reveal socio-economic and political issues and encourage public to take action. Muckraking the meat-packing industry upton sinclair wrote the jungle to expose the appalling working conditions in the meat-packing industry his description of diseased, rotten, and contaminated meat shocked the public and led to new federal food safety laws. The muckrakers would become known for their investigative journalism, evolving from the eras of personal journalism—a term historians emery and emery used in the press and america (6th ed) to describe the 19th century newspapers that were steered by strong leaders with an editorial voice (p 173)—and yellow journalism.
Digital history id 3315 the last ten years of the 19th century were critical in the emergence of modern american mass culture in those years emerged the modern instruments of mass communication--the mass-circulation metropolitan newspaper, the best-seller, the mass-market magazine, national advertising campaigns, radio, and the movies. Muckraking is considered an early form of investigative journalismin the early 1900's before world war i, muckrakers reported on topics concerning crime, politics and corruption in society and were often considered watchdogs. The muckrakers' best work provided hard-hitting, factual revelations of wrongdoing in the nation's most powerful institutions what distinguished the muckrakers from previous reform-minded writers was their emphasis on concrete detail rather than moral suasion. The best investigative journalism troubles the powerful —and in these times has been busy making trouble for 40 years now at the turn of the 20th century, teddy roosevelt accused pioneering. The muckrakers were an essential part of american history the muckrakers used journalism and writing to change the world this defined america as a nation that had the courage to see what was.
As a history buff and one who appreciates journalism, this book proved to be a teaching tool in my classroom as we moved through both the literature and the history of the early twentieth century. By the time the united states entered world war i in 1917, the era of muckraking had virtually come to a close in print, and the muckraking journalism and writings of stiffens — typified by his description of chicago and corruption in state politics in a 1903 article — and others had come to an end. This story was co-published with the new york times more than a dozen years ago i was a finalist for a reporting job at a small newspaper all i needed to do was survive an interview with the top. Read next help support gijn and global muckraking the global investigative journalism network exists to support the world's truth tellers and provide them with the training, strategies, and networks that help them hold the powerful accountable and give voice to those who otherwise have none.
In educating the public about systemic corruption and inequality, the muckrakers' brand of crusading investigative journalism fostered a climate for progressive era reforms. In contrast to muckraking, yellow journalism emerged from major newspapers, such as pultizer's new york world and hearst's new york journal yellow journalism was a type of journalism that focused on entertaining the reader rather than reporting the facts and was known for exaggerating the facts, fabricating truths, and outright lies.
The history of muckraking journalism henry demarest lloyd, a journalist working for the chicago tribune, published a series of articles exposing corruption in business and politics in the early 1880s. Some of the muckrakers of today are paul krugman, jacob hacker, paul pierson and gretchen morgenson, suggests huffington post these writers produce pieces on social, political and economic reform however, they do not have the popularity of the original muckrakers. Crusaders for social change, muckraking journalists wrote articles not about news events, but about injustices or abuses, bringing them to the attention of the american public published in newspapers and magazines, the articles exposed corruption in business and politics.